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sábado, 2 de mayo de 2015

Mi problema con The Last Colony / My Problem with The Last Colony


Yo vi el documental, The Last Colony, sobre nuestra relación colonial con el gobierno de Estados Unidos.  Yo felicito al director Juan Agustín Márquez por tomarse la iniciativa para sacar del closet nuestro colonialismo.  Sin embargo, hay 2 temas muy importantes que no se tocaron.   Yo creo que ambas están a la raíz de nuestra solución al problema.  

Juan terminó su documental diciendo que, “La última palabra sobre nuestra descolonización la tiene el gobierno de Estados Unidos.  Y hasta entonces, Puerto Rico continuará siendo la última colonia.”  Juan después le pide a la audiencia que voten por su preferencia entre 4 alternativas de estatus político utilizando su teléfono inteligente.  

No importa en esta etapa del proceso de descolonización lo que los puertorriqueños prefieren como su estatus político final.  Esa conversación se tendrá después que el gobierno de Estados Unidos le estregue su soberanía a los puertorriqueños.  El gobierno de Estados Unidos no quiere hacer eso.  Y por eso es que el gobierno de Estados Unidos sigue insistiendo que los puertorriqueños tienen que ponerse de acuerdo para aparentar que está interesado en la descolonización de Puerto Rico.  El gobierno sabe que mientras retenga la soberanía sobre Puerto Rico, los puertorriqueños nunca se pondrán de acuerdo sobre nada. 

Eso, por supuesto, le favorece al gobierno de Estados Unidos porque podrá mantener su colonia para siempre.  ¿Quién realmente cree que el gobierno de Estados Unidos está interesado en descolonizar a Puerto Rico después de 117 años de explotación?  La mayoría de la gente desconoce que  el gobierno de Estados Unidos la saca 14 veces más dinero de lo que invierte en Puerto Rico.  ¡Eso también lo tenemos que sacar del closet!

Los puertorriqueños tienen su derecho a la auto-determinación e independencia según el derecho internacional.  Por eso es que la Organización de Naciones Unidas (ONU) celebra todos los años una vista sobre la descolonización de Puerto Rico.  Este año será el lunes 22 de junio de 2015, y se podrá ver el día siguiente en la página cibernética de la ONU (webcast).

Pocas gentes saben que en el 1960, la ONU determinó que el colonialismo es un crimen en contra de la humanidad, porque representa una amenaza a la paz mundial.  Desde entonces, la ONU ha emitido 33 resoluciones pidiéndole al gobierno de Estados Unidos que descolonice inmediatamente a Puerto Rico.

Es importante señalar que la ONU nunca le ha pedido al gobierno de Estados Unidos que determine que estatus político prefieren los puertorriqueños.  Nunca lo ha hecho, porque la ONU sabe que los puertorriqueños decidirán eso cuando se le entreguen su soberanía.  Soberanía es la capacidad de un país decidir lo que quiere sin interferencia de otro país. 

¿Cuál ha sido la repuesta del gobierno de Estados Unidos a las resoluciones de la ONU?  ¡El gobierno de Estados Unidos ha ignorado la voluntad democrática de la comunidad internacional!  Eso quiere decir que el gobierno de Estados Unidos se cree por encima de la ley internacional.  Y esto me lleva al otro problema del documental sobre quien tiene la última palabra.  Nosotros tenemos la última palabra sobre la última colonia del mundo.  Me explico. 

Vamos a suponer que mañana mismo todos nosotros protestamos en algún lugar en Estados Unidos pacíficamente y permanentemente por nuestro derecho a nuestra auto-determinación e independencia.   El gobierno de Estados Unidos estaría obligado, obviamente arrastrando sus pies, a eventualmente descolonizar a Puerto Rico.  Seguramente, necesitaremos un tsunami de gente para que eso ocurra. 

La gran pregunta es, ¿queremos crear ese tsunami de gente, o seguir jugando el juego estadounidense de dividir y vencer que tan bien esta explicado en el libro, The COINTELPRO Papers? Necesitaremos sacar del closet nuestra verdadera historia para poder ver la solución sobre nuestro colonialismo.  ¡La historia nos enseña que el gobierno de Estados Unidos nunca lo hará, porque los que mantienen colonias no creen en la justicia para todos!

Juan dijo que su propósito en hacer este documental fue poner hablar al gobierno de Estados Unidos con los puertorriqueños para descolonizar a Puerto Rico.  Eso no resolvería el problema.  Nuestra descolonización dependerá en nuestra habilitad de hablar entre nosotros mismo para exigir al gobierno de Estados Unidos nuestro derecho inalienable a la auto-determinación e independencia.   


I saw the documentary The Last Colony about our colonial relationship with the United States government.  I congratulate the Puerto Rican director Juan Agustín Márquez for taking the inactive to get Puerto Rico’s colonialism out of the closet.  However, there were 2 very important issues totally excluded from this documentary.  I believe they are at the core of the final resolution to our colonial political status.

Juan ends his documentary by saying that, “Ultimately, the United States government has the final word in Puerto Rico decolonization.  Until that happens, Puerto Rico will continue to be the last colony.”   He then asks viewers to vote for one of 4 political status option using their smart phones.

It doesn’t matter, at this particular stage of decolonization, what Puerto Ricans want as their final political status.  That conversation will be had after the United States government gives Puerto Ricans their sovereignty.  The US government does not want to do that.  That’s why it pretends it is interested in Puerto Rico decolonization by insisting that Puerto Ricans decide first what they want.  It does this, because it knows that we will never agree on anything, as long as the US government is in charge of the decolonization process. 

That, of course, benefits the US government, because that allows it to keep Puerto Rico as its colony forever.  Who really believes that the one that is totally responsible for Puerto Rico’s colonial relationship is interested in freeing her after 117 years of exploitation?  Most people don’t know that the US government receives 14 times more money than it invests in Puerto Rico!  That also needs to be taken out of the closet! 

Puerto Ricans have the right to our self-determination and independence as a matter of international law.  This is why the United Nations (UN) holds a hearing every year to discuss Puerto Rico decolonization.  This year’s hearing will be on Monday, June 22, 2015.

Few people are aware that in 1960, the UN determined that colonialism is a crime against humanity, because it is a threat to world peace.  Since then, it has issued 33 UN resolution asking the US government to immediately decolonize Puerto Rico.  It is important to note that the UN has never asked the US government to determine what political options Puerto Ricans prefer.  The UN hasn’t, because it knows that Puerto Ricans will decide that after the US governments gives them their sovereignty.  Sovereignty is a country’s ability to govern herself without any outside intervention. 

What has been the US government’s response to these UN resolutions?  It has ignored the democratic will of the international community.  That is to say that the US government feels that it is above international law!  And this takes me to the other omission concerning who has the final word.  We do!  I’ll explain.
 
Suppose tomorrow, we all decide to peacefully protest somewhere in the United States for our right to self-determination.  The United States government would, of course after dragging its feet, eventually comply with the 33 UN resolutions.  We would undoubtedly need a tsunami of people in order to force the US government to do so.

So the question is, do we want to create this tsunami of people, or do we want to continue to play the US government’s game of divide and conquer that is so well explained in the book, The COINTELPRO Papers. 

We must continue to take out of the closet the real Puerto Rican History to make it possible for us to see the way out of our colonialism.  US history has shown that the US government will never do that, because those who maintain colonies don’t believe in justice for all!

Juan said that his reason for making this documentary was to foster Puerto Rican decolonization by having the US government talk to the Puerto Rican people.  That, however, will not solve the problem.  Puerto Rico decolonization will depend on our ability to talk among ourselves in order to demand from the US government our inalienable right to self-determination and independence.   


 

martes, 28 de abril de 2015

Marcha Independencia Ya, y por Oscar, antes Vista ONU 2015


Volvemos de nuevo este año a marchar por la independencia de Puerto Rico y la excarcelación de nuestro preso político Oscar López Rivera.  Puerto Rico ha sido una colonia del gobierno de Estados Unidos por 117 años y Oscar ha estado preso por su lucha por descolonizarla por 34 años.

Nosotros marcharemos por el Condado de Puerto Rico una semana antes de la vista en la Organización de Naciones Unidas (ONU) del lunes, 22 de junio de 2015, donde nuevamente se discutirá la descolonización de Puerto Rico.
 
Compañeros Unidos para la Descolonización de Puerto Rico respalda totalmente esta iniciativa de varias organizaciones políticas que se han unidos una vez más para marchar juntos. 

¡Únete a este gran ejemplo de unidad y solidaridad!  Ven con tu bandera y pancarta.  ¡Todos nos tenemos que sumar, porque los que mantienen colonias no creen en la justicia para todos!

Oprima el enlace abajo para ver el video del año pasado sobre esta marcha.
http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x1zq3yq_puerto-rico-marcha-independencia-ya_news
 
Habrá 2 marchas más en la ciudad de Nueva York en mayo y en junio. 
 
El día después que Oscar López Rivera cumpla 34 años en la cárcel, habrá una gran marcha por su excarcelación.  Esta marcha será el sábado 30 de mayo de 2015.  Vea los detalles abajo.



 
En el mismo día de la vista en la ONU, tendremos nuestra 2da Marcha Oscar – Mandela en NYC el lunes, 22 de junio de 2015.


Todas estas marchas son permanentes hasta que logremos el tsunami de gente necesario para obligar al gobierno de Estados Unidos a cumplir con las 33 resoluciones de la ONU donde le pide la descolonización inmediata de Puerto Rico.   
 

Military History of Puerto Rico


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_history_of_Puerto_Rico
Click on the above link to read about this topic.

This history will allow you to understand why the United States (US) government has ignored 33 United Nations ‘resolutions to immediately decolonize Puerto Rico.  Decolonization does not mean to hold a plebiscite to find out what Puerto Ricans want.  That has already been decided by the international community in 1960.  The verdict is that colonialism is a crime against humanity, because it represents a threat to world peace.  The UN’s solution, therefore, is to immediately give Puerto Rico her sovereignty, so that she could direct her own destiny.

This means, among other things, that the United States government does not believe in world peace, because it has held Puerto Rico under colonialism for 116 years.  Furthermore, it refuses to release from prison Puerto Rican political prisoner Oscar Lopez Rivera despite world-wide support for it.  Oscar has already been incarcerated 7 more years than the 27 years that Nelson Mandela served!  What does that say about the US governments' belief in democratic principles, freedom, and human rights?

Join us in our 2nd Oscar - Mandela March in NYC on Monday, June 22, 2015.  On that day, the United Nations will once again discuss the decolonization of Puerto Rico.  We must continue to peacefully protest, because there could be no peace without freedom.  And because, those who maintain colonies, don't believe in justice for all!

jueves, 23 de abril de 2015

War Against All Puerto Ricans, by Nelson A. Denis


Pedro Albizu Campos was born poor in the Barrio Tenerías section of Ponce, Puerto Rico. His mother Juliana died when he was four years old, his father disowned him, and Albizu was raised by his maternal Aunt Rosa.
He went barefoot most of his childhood, but he was a brilliant student. He won multiple scholarships and was the first Puerto Rican to graduate from Harvard College. Albizu went on to graduate from Harvard Law School, and returned to his hometown of Ponce, Puerto Rico – where he defended hundreds of poor and indigent clients and became president of the Nationalist Party.

In 1931, Albizu defended a Nationalist named Luis Velasquez who, during a political dispute, had slapped the Chief Justice of the Puerto Rico Supreme Court. This judge was named Emilio Del Toro.
The actor Benicio Del Toro is a member of this family: a highly respected family of lawyers and jurists.
The Del Toro case went to the U.S. Court of Appeals (1st Circuit). When Albizu won, it became known as “la bofetá de Velasquez” (Velasquez’s slap in the face).

Albizu advocates
Albizu Campos speaks to sugar cane workers
 
Albizu also used his legal skills to create a series of bonds that were registered on Wall Street. These bonds were an investment in the Republic of Puerto Rico, redeemable from the island’s treasury on the day it became independent. The first bond offering was for $200,000 in increments of $10, $50 and $100 bonds.
first bond
The U.S. paid no attention to Albizu until 1934, when he led an island-wide agricultural strike that raised the sugar cane workers’ wages from 45 cents to $1.50 per 12-hour day.

Yabucoa, Puerto Rico. At a strike meeting
Sugar cane workers on strike in Yabucoa
 
Albizu spoke all over the island, reminding everyone that “according to the Yankees owning one person makes you a scoundrel, but owning a nation makes you a colonial benefactor.”
After winning the strike, Albizu became famous throughout Puerto Rico and the crowds around him kept growing.

Albizu Campos speaks at the University of Puerto Rico in Rio Piedras
Albizu Campos speaks at the University of Puerto Rico in Rio Piedras
 
The U.S. responded by appointing a new governor, Gen. Blanton Winship, who militarized the entire Insular Police force. The officers underwent Tommy gun training and were outfitted with submachine guns, tear gas, riot gear, and high-powered rifles and carbines.
These policemen and the FBI started following Albizu Campos all over the island. They watched his home, intercepted his mail, interrogated his neighbors, and arrested members of his Nationalist Party.
Albizu even began to receive death threats. Shots were fired into his home.

Policeman with a Tommy gun, issued by Gov. Winship
Policeman with a tommy gun, issued by Gov. Winship
 
On October 24, 1935, an army of Winship’s policemen raided a student rally and killed four people, including the treasurer of the Nationalist Party – all in broad daylight, in front of witnesses.
It became known as the Rio Piedras Massacre.
War Against All Puerto Ricans
On October 29, 1935, when asked about the Rio Piedras Massacre at a press conference, Winship’s Chief of Police E. Francis Riggs uttered his famous words. Police Chief Riggs declared to the reporters that if Albizu Campos continued his agitation:
“There will be war to the death against all Puerto Ricans.”
The newspapers all reported the Police Chief’s words, the very next day. The entire island heard about this “war against all Puerto Ricans,” and became understandably fearful.
Then on February 23, 1936, two more Nationalists were arrested and dragged into a San Juan police precinct, then executed inside the precinct.


Elias Beauchamp, a few hours before his police execution
 
The entire island was outraged over this police execution, and over 30,000 people surrounded the funeral motorcade into San Juan on February 25, 1936.

El Imparcial6
Funeral for the slain Nationalists. El Imparcial, Feb. 25, 1936
 
The very next day, on February 26, the island newspapers showed full-page photos of the bloody clothes that had been recovered from the corpse of Elias Beauchamp.

Elias Beauchamp
A few days later, in March 1936, Albizu was arrested and tried for conspiracy to overthrow the U.S. government. On the day of the verdict (July 31, 1936) every room, hallway and staircase in the José Toledo Federal Building was jammed with U.S. soldiers.
The surrounding streets were all blockaded.
 FBI agents mingled with the crowds.
National Guardsmen roamed the halls.
In the courtroom itself, more than half the spectators were policemen and plainclothes detectives.
U.S. military commanders from Camp Santiago sat in the front row as the jury delivered its verdict: ten years imprisonment for Albizu Campos. But that was only the beginning. From that day in 1936, Albizu lived another 29 years. 25 of those 29 years were spent in prison.
He was arrested in 1936, and sent to the USP Atlanta Penitentiary in 1937.


USP Atlanta cell block
 
He was arrested and jailed again, in 1950.
Arrested and jailed in 1954.
At one point Albizu told his wife, and many historians agree, that “the Americans knew what they were doing – they needed me off this island right away. Six more months in 1936, and we’d have gotten our independence.”
In addition to his 25 years’ imprisonment, during the few years that he was out of prison (only four years) Albizu was surrounded 24 hours a day by FBI agents. They interrogated anyone who visited him, spoke to him, or mailed him a letter.
They tapped his phone.
They developed a secret FBI file over a period of thirty years, which contained over 20,000 pages of surveillance information from 1936 through1965.
They even passed a special anti-speech law just for him – a few months after his release from prison in December 1947.
Law 53 – The Gag Law
On June 10, 1948, they passed Law 53, otherwise known as La Ley de la Mordaza (Law of the Muzzle). This law was nearly a word-for-word translation of Section 2 of the U.S. anti-Communist Smith Act, and it authorized police and FBI to stop anyone on the street and invade any Puerto Rican home, particularly Nationalist homes.
It was a gag law. It prohibited the singing of a patriotic tune; or to own or display a Puerto Rican flag anywhere, even in one’s own home, no matter how large or small.

Police find dangerous Puerto Rican flags
Police find dangerous Puerto Rican flags
It also prohibited any speech against the U.S. government or in favor of Puerto Rican independence; or to print, publish, sell or exhibit any material about independence; or to organize any society, group or assembly of people on behalf of independence. Anyone found guilty of disobeying the law could be sentenced to ten years imprisonment, a fine of $10,000 dollars, or both.

Police find more dangerous Puerto Rican flags
Police find more dangerous Puerto Rican flags
 
Albizu ignored the Gag Law and spoke out anyway. He travelled throughout the island with the FBI trailing behind him, giving pro-independence speeches that were broadcast by radio stations WKAQ (San Juan), WPRB (Ponce), WCMN (Arecibo), WSWL (Santurce), WENA (Bayamón), WVJP (Caguas), WECW (Mayagüez), and over a dozen others.

Albizu at Sixto Escobar Stadium
Albizu at Sixto Escobar Stadium
 
Crowds followed him all over the island.
Crowd
They met him at the San Juan waterfront.
San Juan waterfront
They packed into churches with him.
church
They marched into municipal theatres, and filled the streets of Ponce and Arecibo.
municipal theatres
The FBI followed him everywhere, and an agent named Jack West filmed all his public speeches. Everything went into secret FBI files, known as “carpetas.”

FBI files, known as carpetas
It was a tremendous uphill battle for Albizu. The Governor of Puerto Rico, Luis Muñoz-Marín, accused him of being a communist, a fascist, and a terrorist. The U.S. military now controlled 13% of Puerto Rico’s land.
It was using the islands of Vieques and Culebras for target practice, exploding 5 million pounds of ordnance per year.
Roosevelt Roads Naval Air Base covered 32,000 acres and three harbors, and was the largest naval facility in the world. Camp Santiago occupied 12,789 acres in the town of Salinas. Ramey Air Base covered 3,796 acres in Aguadilla. Fort Buchanan had 4,500 acres in metropolitan San Juan with its own pier facilities, ammunition storage areas, and an extensive railroad network into San Juan Bay.


Map of U.S. military Installations in Puerto Rico
(disclosed locations) 1950-1960
 
Every fourth of July a military brass band and three infantry battalions, a tank company, a bombardment squadron, three aerial fighter squadrons, the 504th Field Artillery Battalion, the 18th Mechanized Cavalry Squadron and 4,000 soldiers – the entire 65th Infantry Regiment – would march down Calle Fortaleza (just three blocks from Albizu’s house) and remind everyone who was boss.

US military celebrate their annual July 4th parade in Old San Juan
US military celebrate their annual July 4th parade in Old San Juan
 
Albizu realized he could never “defeat” the U.S. in the usual military sense. The only hope would be to start a revolution, much like the Easter Rising of 1916 in Ireland, which would capture the world’s attention and persuade the United Nations that Puerto Rico was, in fact, a colony of the United States – and as the “leader of the free world,” the U.S. should not have any colonies.
The October 1950 Revolution
On the weekend of October 30, 1950, the Nationalist Party waged a revolution against the United States. Gunfights roared in eight towns. Police stations were burned down. The Republic of Puerto Rico was declared in the town of Jayuya. Assassination attempts were made against Pres. Harry Truman and Governor Luis Muñoz-Marín.
In order to suppress this revolt the U.S. bombed two towns, mobilized 5,000 National Guardsmen, killed dozens of Nationalists, and arrested 3,000 Puerto Ricans. Albizu Campos was arrested and jailed in La Princesa.


Mass arrests in San Juan
Prison Torture
A growing body of evidence indicates that, for a number of years in prison, Albizu Campos was subjected to lethal doses of radiation which caused burns and welts all over his body, and caused a cerebral thrombosis in 1957.
Albizu covered his head and body with wet towels in order to shield himself from this radiation. The prison guards ridiculed him and called him El Rey de la Toallas – the King of the Towels. The U.S. government declared hm insane, and sent a caravan of psyciatrists to prove it. But the physical evidence of Albizu’s decay, and the testimony of other prisoners that they had also been irradiated, became difficult to ignore.

bg-34
Albizu shows his burns and lesions to reporters
 
Dr. Orlando Damuy, a world-renowned radiologist and president of the Cuban Cancer Association, conclusively found that Albizu has been subjected to TBI (Total Body Irradiation) in prison. In Puerto Rico (El Imparcial), Argentina (Verdad), Mexico (Correo Inter-Americano), Cuba (Bohema; Tiempo en Cuba), the press called for an investigation into the “atomic lynching” of Albizu Campos.
On May 28, 1951, the Cuban House of Representatives formally tequested that Albizu be trasferred to Cuba, in order to attend to his radiological cure.


Albizu with burnt skin, all over his body
 
On December 19, 1952, Dr Frederic Joiliet-Curie, winner of the Nobel Prize for his discovery of “artificial radioactivity,” filed a petition with the United Nations which denounced the torture of Albizu Campos in La Princesa and demanded his extradition to a territory outside of the U.S.
In 1953 the International Writers Congress of Jose Martí sent a letter to President Eisenhower on behalf of Albizu. It was sugned by 28 prominent writers, journalists and intellectuals from 11 countries.
All of these were ignored, until Albzu suffered a cerebral thrombosis in Laq Princesa, which left paralyzed the right side of his body for the rest of his life, and rendered him mute.
Albizu Campos was not longer able to speak. They had silenced him forever.

Eventually, the U.S. radiation experiments became common knowledge. A woman named Eileen Welsome wrote a book titled the Plutonium Files, a newspaper series called The Plutonium Experiment, and she received the Pulitzer Prize for it. The U.S. Dept. of Energy has admitted to conducting these radiation experiments, and has paid monetary compensation to many of the grieving families.
After many years, the demand continues for a complete investigation of the radiation torture of Albizu Campos.

radiation torture of Albizu Campos
Funeral Rites and Burial
Shortly before Albizu Campos’ death, Ernesto “Che” Guevara stood before the United Nations General Assembly and gave this speech on his behalf:
“Albizu Campos is a symbol of the as yet unfree but indomitable Latin America. Years and years of prison, almost unbearable pressures in jail, mental torture, solitude, total isolation from his people and his family, the insolence of the conqueror and its lackeys in the land of his birth – nothing broke his will.” (Dec. 11, 1964)
Albizu Campos died on April 21, 1965. His family received hundreds of telegrams, cables and letters from around the world. The Senate and House of Representatives of Puerto Rico commemorated him in both chambers, and the Parliament of Venezuela observed five minutes of silence in his memory.
The newspaper El Imparcial ran an immediate special edition, with Albizu on the front cover.

Muere-Albizu-Campos-El-Impacial
Before the burial artists made an alginate mold of Albizu’s face, for the sculptures and statues that would be built in his honor.

Government officials, journalists and friends from every country in Latin  America arrived to attend the final services. Before Albizu’s burial on April 25, over 100,000 people passed by his funeral casket.

Albizu’s burial on April 25
An honor guard accompanied the funeral casket from the Ateneo Puertorriqueño. The streets of San Juan were lined with 75,000 black ribbons that had been tied to trees, cars, lamp posts, benches and street signs, all the way to the cemetery.


Honor guard for Albizu Campos in San Juan, Puerto Rico
 
The streets were also filled with mourners, paying their last respects to a fallen hero.

His burial was officiated by Bishop Antulio Parilla and two priests, each representing the three largest cathedrals in Puerto Rico.

Funeral Ceremonies Pedro Albizu Campos
Funeral ceremonies for Pedro Albizu Campos
 
On the evening of April 25, 1965, in the Santa María Magdalena de Pazzis Cemetery in Old San Juan, Pedro Albizu Campos was finally laid to rest.

Remembrance and Legacy
Remembrance and Legacy
Over the fifty years following his death, parks and plazas have been named after Albizu Campos, all throughout Puerto Rico. Nearly every municipality has a Calle Pedro Albizu Campos (Pedro Albizu Campos Street).  Five public schools were named after him.
In his hometown of Ponce, the Parque Pedro Albizu Campos (Pedro Albizu Campos Park) contains a life-size statue of him, and annual memorial services are held there on his birthday. In the town of Salinas there is a Plaza Monumento Don Pedro Albizu Campos – a plaza and a nine-foot statue dedicated to his memory.
Schools and community centers were also named after Albizu Campos in New York City and Chicago.
Annual parades are held in his honor, both in Puerto Rico and the mainland United States.

Annual parades are held in his honor, both in Puerto Rico and the mainland United States
Albizu Campos will always be remembered as one of the great patriots in Puerto Rican history – who bravely and eloquently reminded the United States of their own founding principles, and spent 25 years in jail for doing so.
Throughout his entire life, he fought for the improvement of labor conditions for workers and jíbaros (country people), for a more accurate assessment of the colonial relationship between Puerto Rico and the United States, and an awareness by the political establishment in Washington, D.C. of this colonial relationship. His legacy is that of a lifetime of sacrifice – for the building of a Puerto Rican nation.

It is a legacy of resistance to colonial rule.

Pedro Albizu Campos

"Real leaders must be ready to sacrifice all for the freedom of their people".

Nelson Mandela
Selected Footnotes.
The following notes pertain to the Total Body Irradiation (TBI) procedure which the U.S. government inflicted on Pedro Albizu Campos, while imprisoned in La Princesa. It is a controversial area which deserves the fullest documentation and inquiry.
1. Subcommittee on Energy Conservation and Power, U.S. House of Representatives, “American Nuclear Guinea Pigs: Three Decades of Radiation Experiments on U.S. Citizens,” 99th Congress, 2nd Session, November 1986, pp. 1-17.
2. Philip J. Hilts, “U.S. to Settle for $4.8 Million in Suits on Radiation Testing,” New York Times, November 20, 1996.
3. “Count of Subjects in Radiation Experiments Is Raised to 16,000,” New York Times, August 20, 1995.
4. Keith Schneider, “Secret Nuclear Research on People Comes to Light,” New York Times, December 17, 1993.
5. Matthew L. Wald, “Rule Adopted to Prohibit Secret Tests on Humans,” New York Times, March 29, 1997.
6. Eileen Welsome, The Plutonium Files (New York: Random House, 1999).
7. Juan Gonzalez, “A Lonely Voice Finally Heard,” New York Daily News, January 12, 1994.
8. Pedro Aponte Vásquez, ¡Yo Acuso! Y lo que Pasó Despues (Bayamón, PR: Movimiento Ecuménico Nacional de P.R., Inc., 1985)
9. Howard L. Rosenberg, Atomic Soldiers: American Victims of Nuclear Experiments (Boston: Beacon Press, 1980).
 
A much more extensive discussion, footnotes, citations, and bibliography all appear in the book War Against All Puerto Ricans


Click below to hear an hour interview with the author of this book.
http://www.blogtalkradio.com/latinorebels/2015/04/13/war-against-all-puerto-ricans-a-conversation-with-nelson-a-denis


 
Nelson A. Denis will be at the book store in Old San Juan on Monday, May 18 at 2 PM.  Come and meet him!

Click on the link below to see Nelson talking about his book at Hostos Community College.
https://youtu.be/bhRrtgio8LU?t=189


 

lunes, 20 de abril de 2015

¿Por qué el ELA de PR no se puede mejorar? / Why PR Commonwealth can’t be improved


El Estado Libre Asociado (ELA) de Puerto Rico no se puede mejorar, porque es una colonia del gobierno de Estados Unidos.  Hay algunos puertorriqueños, como Alfredo Hernández Mayoral, que, por lo menos públicamente, no lo acepta.  Él dice que la Organización de Naciones Unidas (ONU) determinó en 1953 que Puerto Rico no es una colonia. 

Para una colonia dejar de serla, la colonia tiene que adquirir su soberanía.  Tu soberanía te permitirá diseñar el gobierno que tú quieres.  Eso se llama descolonización.  Eso no fue lo que pasó en el 1952 cuando se estableció el Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico. 

El ELA se construyó sobre la LEY 600 del gobierno de Estados Unidos.  Cuando los puertorriqueños redactaron su constitución, el gobierno de Estados Unidos la tenía que aprobar.  De hecho, para ser aprobada por Washington, los puertorriqueños tuvieron que cambiar ciertas partes de su constitución, porque no fueron aceptadas por el gobierno de Estados Unidos. 

El año siguiente, el gobierno de Estados Unidos, con la ayuda de algunos puertorriqueño, engañaron a la Organización de Naciones Unidas diciéndole que Puerto Rico había alcanzado su gobierno propio.  Ésta es la razón por la cual Puerto Rico no aparece en la lista de colonias de la ONU (vea video abajo). 

El gobierno de Estados Unidos no quiere cambiar su relación colonial con Puerto Rico, porque Puerto Rico todavía le está sirviendo perfectamente bien.  ¡Solo para los puertorriqueños es que nuestro coloniaje es un desastre!  Por eso es que el ganador del Premio Nobel de la Paz y el Presidente de Estados Unidos Obama no excarcelará  a nuestro Oscar López Rivera.  Excarcelarlo significaría para el gobierno de Estados Unidos que estaría dispuesto a descolonizar a Puerto Rico.  Y por eso también, el gobierno de Estados Unidos ha ignorado 33 resoluciones de la ONU pidiéndole la descolonización inmediata de Puerto Rico.  ¿Qué hacemos cuando lo que es justo no se hace?

Hay que formar un tsunami de gente para obligar al gobierno de Estados Unidos a cumplir con la ley internacional del 1960 que prohíbe el coloniaje.  Tenemos que unirnos para hacer marchas pacíficas permanentemente, porque los que mantiene colonias, no creen en la justicia para todos.

Oprima abajo para ver el Gobernador Acevedo ante la ONU sobre el engaño del 1953.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=gd5Yfu2_78w

Oprima abajo para ver a Muños Marín explicar e crecimiento del ELA.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gVwiv-g7KiI


The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico can’t be improved, because it is a colony of the United States (US).  Some Puerto Ricans, like Alfredo Hernández Mayoral, at least publically, refuses to accept it.  He says that the United Nations (UN) determined in 1953 that Puerto Rico is not a colony.

In order for a colony to stop being it, the colony must acquire its sovereignty.  Sovereignty will permit it to design the kind of government it wants.  This is called decolonization.  That is not what happened in 1952, when the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico was established.  

The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico was constructed on United States Law 600.  When Puerto Ricans drafted their constitution, Washington had to approve it.   In fact, Puerto Ricans had to change certain parts of their constitution, because the US government refused to accept them.

The following year, the US government, with the help of some Puerto Ricans, tricked the United Nations into believing that Puerto Rico had achieved self-government.  This is why Puerto Rico is not on the UN’s list of colonies (see video below). 

The US government has no desire to change Puerto Rico’s colonial relationship, because Puerto Rico has served the US government fantastically well!  Colonialism has only been a disaster for Puerto Ricans for the past 116 years.

That is why the Nobel Peace Prize winner and United States President Obama refuses to release Puerto Rican political prisoner Oscar López Rivera from jail.  Freeing him would mean to the US government that it is willing to decolonize Puerto Rico.  And that is also why the US government has ignored 33 UN resolutions asking for the immediate decolonization of Puerto Rico.  What do we do, when what is just is not done?

We need to form a tsunami of people to make the US government comply with the 1960 international law that says that colonialism is a crime against humanity.  We need to peacefully and permanently march, because those who maintain colonies don’t believe in justice for all!

Click on the link below to watch Governor Acevedo speak at the UN about the US lie in 1953.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=gd5Yfu2_78w

Click on the link below to see Muños Marín explain the development of ELA.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gVwiv-g7KiI